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India is an agrarian country where 72 percent population lives in villages and does farming. It is the second largest producer of Fruits and Vegetables in the world. Agriculture learning from the traditional way of farming is one way and getting education through colleges and universities is the second. There are 31 courses related to agriculture, which a person can pursue after completing class 12th, Graduation and Post Graduation. So if you are interested in Agriculture then do the deep research & select Right career path for you.
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Agriculture, known also as husbandry or farming, is the science of cultivating plants, animals, and other life forms for food, fiber, and fuel. The agricultural industry, which includes enterprises engaged in growing crops, raising fish and animals, and logging wood, encompasses farms, dairies, hatcheries, and ranches.
Why get into agriculture?
When you think about careers in agriculture, you might be picturing wonderfully relaxing existence that involves driving a tractor around a field at the crack of dawn, feeding some ducks in your paddock and permanently having a sprig of grass protruding from the side of your mouth. However, it may shock you to know that the agricultural world has so much more to offer than this.
In fact, agricultural work can be highly-intensive and stressful at times. The world relies on its farms in order to survive. Agriculture is hugely important and is incredibly big business. Moreover, there are so many different career options for you to pursue outside of the traditional roles, which involve carrying out hands-on farm work.
What can you do in agriculture?
Agriculture has been at the heart of civilization. It provides the world with food, fibers and all kinds of other products, which are vital to our existence. It is arguably the most important industry in the world. Without farmers and the people that work in other agricultural professions, we wouldn’t eat, we wouldn’t wear clothes and we wouldn’t enjoy the benefits of other agricultural by-products, such as biomass fuel.
Despite devastating setbacks, like the foot and mouth crisis, BSE (a.k.a. mad cow disease) and bird flu epidemics, the agricultural industry has stayed on its feet: resilient, defiant and courageous. Furthermore, with new initiatives, such as the ‘Buy British’ campaign, the agricultural industry in the UK is beginning to undergo a period of resurgence. There are lots of career opportunities and the agricultural industry is desperate to attract more skilled workers who can meet the demands of the work that needs to be done.
If you pursue a career in this area, you will most likely be focusing your efforts on arable (crops) or pastoral (livestock) farming. Whatever area of agriculture you choose to work in though, you will get the opportunity to work in the great outdoors.
Moreover, the business side of farming demands commercially savvy people to work in roles that focus on the finance and strategy side of agriculture. These agribusiness professionals tend to work as agricultural consultants who provide business and financial guidance, and technical insights that improve agricultural efficiency.
Job prospects in agriculture
The population of the world is increasing exponentially and by 2050, we shall produce double the amount of food that we produce today, to meet the necessities. All the countries in the world are working keeping the subject of agriculture at the forefront and hence a lot of job opportunities based on agriculture and farming system are being evolved. Scientifically and technically advanced, new varieties of food production technologies are contributing to expand food production in every region which has great potential. Many new areas for research have been developed to improve the genetics of crops, horticulture, livestock and natural resources and to improve the quantity of genes which focuses on effects of climate change, agriculture research, product development and technical transfer pricing and scaling and policy research programs, which increases grain production capacity. Areas such as research work require trained agricultural graduates in huge numbers.
Jobs directly related to your degree include
- Agricultural consultant
- Estates manager
- Farm manager
- Fish farm manager
- Plant breeder/geneticist
- Rural practice surveyor
- Soil scientist
Jobs where your degree would be useful include
- Animal nutritionist
- Field trials officer
- Forest/woodland manager
- Magazine journalist
- Newspaper journalist
- Sales executive
- Veterinary nurse
Graduation in Agriculture
The agricultural related courses are: Bsc. Msc. And P.H.D. In agriculture. M.B.A business degree holder can be associated to the field by linking with sales or marketing. In addition, demand of research and development, agricultural extension and education program management is increasing. Professionals in these areas, in addition with the fresh agri campus graduate in many other areas including agriculture are touching new heights.
Career in Agricultural Research
People who work in this field, deals in agricultural food products. Involving the wisdom of Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics to increase the agricultural production and improve the quality of food.
Besides improving the quality of food, food protection, packaging, storing and supplying must have a bachelor’s degree in the field, as an agriculture scientist, master’s degree or PhD to make a career, is vital for senior researchers. A fresh graduate can earn up to 20 to 30 thousand rupees. Multinational companies and N. G. O. Also render work with good pay.
Career in Agriculture Economics
Agriculture Master’s degree is required to become Agricultural Economist; the pay scale varies depending upon many things. The various government organizations provides salary ranging from 20,000- 30,000 as starting pay. Rs 55,000 to Rs 35,000 for research work can also be drawn.
Career in Agricultural Engineering
Easier and profitable Agricultural systems engineering and biological science are required for getting involved with agricultural engineering. Agricultural engineering Career opportunities are also available in the region for the work of the teaching will also be employed in rural areas. Agriculture Engineering N. G. O. In their rural development programs can work with, The Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics are required to be well versed in the industry to pay scales are based upon experience and qualifications.
Specialization in Agriculture is provided in various agricultural universities based on their post-graduate job. Plant pathologists, Breeder, Agro-meteorologist, Economist, Botanist, Research, Engineer, Agronomist, Professor and Scientist jobs can be taken up hence, in these universities:
- Acharya N. G. Ranga, Agricultural University, Hyderabad
- Assam, Jorhat Agriculture University
- Bihar Agriculture University Bhagalpur
- Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur
- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
- Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar
- Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana
- Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur
- Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur
- Swami Kesavananda Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner (Raj.)
- B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand
Like any other industry, agriculture is constantly moving with the times. The agricultural landscape is now highly-mechanized and agricultural process and practices are constantly evolving in terms of technology. Consequently, the industry is now reliant on the hard work of agricultural scientists and agricultural engineers.