Have you anytime thought why some children are slow in learning ARITHMETIC OPERATIONS?
Some people find it difficult in estimating/judging the size of shirt / any dress why?
Let’s learn today why & how it happens!!!
For years, sociologists and psychologists have conducted studies on cognitive development, i.e. the construction of human thought or mental processes.
Jean Piaget was one of the most important and influential people in the field of developmental psychology. He believed that humans are unique in comparison to animals because we have the capacity to do “abstract symbolic reasoning”. Today, Piaget is known for studying the cognitive development in children.
Cognitive abilities are brain-based skills we need to carry out any task from the simplest to the most complex. They have more to do with the mechanisms of how we learn, remember, problem-solve, and pay attention, rather than with any actual knowledge.
Lets take one simple example to understand answering the telephone involves perception (hearing the ring tone), decision taking (answering or not), motor skill (lifting the receiver), language skills (talking and understanding language), social skills (interpreting tone of voice and interacting properly with another human being).
Each of your Cognitive Skills play an important part in processing new information. If even one of these skills is weak, grasping, retaining, or processing that information is impacted no matter what kind of information is coming your way. In fact, most learning struggles are caused by one or more weak cognitive skills.
There are 150 Cognitive Skills which collectively form Intelligences in human being & they are mainly divided in 8 parts so let’s understand them.
- Sustained Attention: A person’s ability to be attentive over a while. Now, you all are using your sustained attention as you are listening to my speech
- Response Inhibition: Have you ever wondered how people can stop crossing the street when a car unexpectedly comes around the corner. Here a person’s ability to restrain disturbance going around.
- Cognitive Flexibility: A person’s ability to visualize things differently. Imagine you’re driving somewhere, and discover that a street you were planning to turn onto is blocked off for construction. Your initial plan for reaching your destination obviously isn’t going to work. So you instantly come up with a new way to get there.
- Information Processing Speed: Some children not finishing their tests and exams within the time allotted, The reason behind is ability to process coming information is not quick enough.
- Multiple Simultaneous Attention: A person’s ability of multitasking. When searching for a coffee cup in the cupboard, when looking out for cars while crossing the street, or when trying to find a friend at a conference
- Working Memory: An ability to remember instructions for a longer period. Everyday examples of working memory errors include forgetting why you have just entered a room or sending an email without the required attachment.
- Forming Category: An ability to categorize, and correctly arrange information. Your knowledge of dogs may be in part through general descriptions such as “dogs have four legs.” But you probably also have strong memories of some exemplars (your family dog, Lassie) that influence your categorization.
- Pattern Recognition: An ability to figure out logical ways to certain things to reach a goal. Everyone of us has done laundry, with all your clothes including socks. After the socks have dried, you use pattern recognition in order to pair the socks back together
What is Cognitive Development?
Children grow and develop rapidly in their first five years across the four main areas of development. These areas are motor (physical), language and communication, cognitive and social/emotional.
Cognitive development means how children think, explore and figure things out. It is the development of knowledge, skills, problem solving and dispositions, which help children to think about and understand the world around them. Brain development is part of cognitive development
As a parent, it is important to foster your child’s cognitive development as soon as he/she is born because doing so provides the foundation for your child’s success in school and later in life. For example, research shows that children who can distinguish sounds at six months of age are better at acquiring the skills for learning to read at four and five years of age.
To promote your child’s cognitive development, it is important that you actively engage in quality interactions on a daily basis. Like physical exercise, cognitive exercise is for everyone.
If cognitive skills are not developed then
The general orientations or investigations of cognitive development are similar for all age groups—infancy, childhood, and adulthood. If cognitive skills are not developed at right age then later it becomes difficult to cope up with corporate world. For all key job roles need their required skills.
The good news is that cognitive skills are not set in stone. If weak skills are identified, they can be strengthened through cognitive training. There are programs on cognitive skills development are available. Brain training program uses fun, challenging mental exercises to target and improve weak cognitive skills.
So to conclude for me, the glory of the human animal is cognitive activity.
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