Welcome to Brainchecker,
“Education is the founding stone of a country’s economy. A country that fails to provide its citizens the right to education lags behind in every way.”
“Education should tell you only where to look not what to see.”
Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: central, state and local. Under various articles of the Indian Constitution, free and compulsory education is provided as a fundamental right to children between the ages of 6 and 14. The ratio of public schools to private schools in India is 7:5.
India’s education system turns out millions of graduates each year, many skilled in IT and engineering. This manpower advantage underpins India’s recent economic advances, but masks deep seated problems within India’s education system. While India’s demographics are generally perceived to give it an edge over other countries’ economies (India will have a youthful population when other countries have ageing populations), if this advantage is restricted to a small, highly educated elite, the domestic political ramifications could be severe.
Indian governments have seen education as a crucial development tool. The first part of this paper provides a historical perspective on the development of the education system in India, highlighting the changing emphases within government policy. Since Independence, the education policies of successive governments have built on the substantial legacies of the Peruvian period, targeting the core themes of plurality and secularism, with a focus on excellence in higher education, and inclusiveness at all levels. In reaching these goals, the issue of funding has become problematic; governments have promised to increase state spending while realizing the economic potential of bringing in private-sector financial support.
The second part of this paper examines how recent governments have responded to these challenges, which have remained largely unchanged since Nehru’s era, despite the efforts of past governments and commissions to reform the Indian education system. Attention will be paid to more recent policy initiatives, both those of the previous BJP-led administration and the proposals of the current Congress-led United Progressive Alliance. It will become clear that the same difficulties that existed nearly sixty years ago remain largely unsolved today – for example, the need to safeguard access to education for the poorest and most disenfranchised communities of India.
Why change is required ?
In 2014, India’s global education ranking slipped to 93. This, together with a series of scams faced by the Indian education sector, calls for an immediate need to bring reforms in our education system. Indian Education System has been synonymous with ‘Examinations’, ‘Board Exams’, ‘Entrance Exams’, ‘Marks’, etc. A student in India is left with the options of choosing from Science, Humanities or Commerce after he/she finishes his tenth grade. However, the trend shows that more and more students are opting to go abroad for further studies after completing their post-graduation in India. As per the statistics of The U.S. Council of Graduate Schools’ offers of admission to Indian post-graduate students, the admissions are up 25 per cent for 2013-14 from the previous year, compared to a 9 per cent increase for all countries.
Some of the reasons for this soaring number of students not opting India to pursue their further education are:
- Poor quality of teachers. Teaching is not considered as a lucrative career option in India. Most of them end up in this career as they couldn’t find jobs elsewhere.
- Outdated syllabus taught in most of the colleges.
- Lack of state-of-art infrastructure in the top colleges.
Changes need to be done
Some changes I think should be done for a better education system.
-Education system should promise only knowledge not jobs. Install a divider between education and job, they are not related. We seek education to know how far we have progressed in different fields and then the students shall decide where they will add their work.
-Standards of teaching profession should be raised so that young knowledgeable people do not feel ashamed to be called a teacher. Pay them handsomely and all the employees of MNC’s will vacate their companies to attend the interview for the post of student analyst and student developer.
-Remove the ranking system, the student knows how good or bad he is at studies.
-Scope of different fields should be widened beyond maths, physics and computers. A school should be a museum of various wonderful and interesting subjects where students should get confused to choose but should not choose to get confused.
-Any person who retires from his work should be taken as a par time teacher, real time experience matters after all. They can provide the cheat codes of the game called future.
-All types of skills and arts shall be given as equal prominence as an IT industry in the country. This ensures the students they are secure in future with their choice of field. This is the most difficult part.
-Either all types of companies should be given an opportunity to recruit students from colleges or none. The monopoly of IT companies bagging bulk of students is discouraging the numbers in other fields, as a result everybody chooses computers as their field though they hate it.
-Examinations shall only be a test to the students knowledge and not a test to their memory.