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Today in this article we are going to discuss about technological career i.e. Information Technology..!
Information Technology or more commonly known as I.T. is the most popular career and the fastest growing industry in the world. There are several success stories about people who chose this field for a career and are now on top of their game. But what is it about I.T. that makes it such a lucrative career choice for up and coming professionals.
What is information Technology ?
Information technologies are omnipresent, yet IT engineering remains a mystery to many. To most people, An IT engineer is a wizard behind the screen who makes sure computers work smoothly. To an extent, they might be right, but there is much more to the vocation than just installing a firewall and updating the OS. IT has also opened up various concepts like online shopping, digital marketing, social networking, digital communication, cloud computing, Mobile, and big data for solving many social and business problems. In addition, for making long-term business successful, IT has developed many tools and software applications.
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What it includes ?
IT engineers help to meet their employer’s needs for computer hardware, software and networking tools. They work to develop, test, install, configure and troubleshoot computer hardware and software. As part of this process, they work to create proper documentation, diagrams and other detailed instructions to help other employees make the best use of new technologies.
IT engineers typically work in an office or research lab. They may travel throughout an office complex or to meet with various clients. Those who work for a corporation or other large organization may travel more frequently to visit with employees at remote offices.
IT engineer: A Demanding Yet Rewarding Vocation
Being an IT engineer is, as you can see, a demanding job. Certainly it is rewarding, both professionally and salary-wise, but it may be highly stressful. So, how do you become one?
Education comes first. Although requirements vary from employer to employer, a bachelor degree in a computer-related field is expected. Of these there are many – simply choose the one that speaks your name – IT engineering, software engineering, programming, computer science, and so on. For more advanced positions, a master’s degree may be necessary.
Computer-related studies usually incorporate programming, information structures and systems, scripting languages, framework improvement and execution, and operational administration. Depending on the specific field of study, additional specializations may be available.
career outlook for IT Professionals
Following are some important reasons why to IT Engineering.
There are plenty of jobs in the IT field!
Okay, okay, yes it’s true: countries around the world are still experiencing a recession; and yes that usually means fewer jobs. But, fear not! Computer Science and IT seems to be the exception to the rule. In fact, the job market for Computer Science and IT jobs is constantly growing!
A job in IT guarantees high pay
This one’s related to reason number 1. Not only is there a constant stream of job offers for Computer Science and IT positions; these jobs also offer excellent and competitive pay for starting salaries.
Excellent job satisfaction
That’s right! Money isn’t the only bonus to getting a job in Computer Science or IT. This sector has one of the highest rates of job satisfaction around. It’s true that job satisfaction has taken a big hit recently, but even so, a recent study in the UK found that the job satisfaction in IT is double that of the national average for other work sectors. Still pretty positive if you ask me
It’s incredibly diverse
Yep, it’s not just about desktop PCs. Even within the more mainstream computing industry, there’s a huge range of career options: programming, database management, networking and desktop support. But graduates from computing/IT programmes are also prepared to specialise in far wider areas of interest. Computer technology is part of nearly everything nowadays! Ever thought of biotechnology, nanotechnology or robotics? A degree in computing could lead to any one of these fields!
What you study will be applied all over the world
So much of computer science is practical. But that doesn’t mean it’s all heavy lifting and manual grunt work. You don’t have to just learn and understand theories, you often get to make things, change things and actually apply what you’ve learned everywhere. Every single day, people all over the world will use things that you help create, and you’ll understand exactly how it all works.
You can earn money while you study
Go freelance! You’ll start picking up key skills in computing right from the beginning. So set yourself up in your local area as IT support, web development, or whatever else so that you gain even more skills while you study. It’s a nice money maker while you’re managing your punishing student budget.
Problem-solving skills will guide you for the rest of your life
What can I say: it helps you think.Try and pick an argument with a computer scientist, I dare you!Logic and problem-solving help in everyday life. And in computer science, you sharpen these skills every day.
You’ll become a family celebrity!
Okay, so some days this doesn’t sound like such a positive reason. But, with this field, your family and friends will admire your knowledge and count on you to fix all of their computing problems. Help mom with the Google, please, she can’t figure it out.
Careers in Information Technology (IT)
Information technology has entered and benefited all sectors of industry. IT professionals design, support, and maintain computer hardware and software for various industrial and individual applications and are much sought after for their expertise and experience.
The National Association of Software and Service Companies has predicted a 12 percent increase in Indian software exports in 2015-16 to $112 billion. Probably, the only, or at least the biggest, hurdle in the country achieving this growth rate is the shortage of skilled and competent IT professionals.
Top educational qualifications for IT jobs
Hiring managers of companies in India look for a bachelor’s degree either in information technology or in computer science, which are the two basic qualifications for an IT job.
These degrees (BE or B.Tech.) differ slightly in their features: while the degree course in IT focuses on the communication and business areas of computing, the computer science course may involve more of the scientific aspects of computing.
Other bachelor’s degrees that are widely accepted by hiring companies include Bachelor in Computer Applications (BCA) and Bachelor of Science (BS) in Computer Engineering.
You can also pursue Master’s degrees, such as M.Tech., MCA, and M.Sc. in Computers, and Master’s in Systems Management. Certification, diploma, and PG diploma programmes from reputed institutions are also available.
Those interested in an IT career need to particularly focus on mathematics, physics, and chemistry after their class 10. After class 12, they would require to take national-level or state-level entrance exams for admission to IT courses in colleges or universities.
How they perform in these tests decides their course and college, and perhaps their career prospects, to a large extent.
There are hundreds of engineering colleges offering IT courses in India, and obviously, a degree from a reputed college carries more weight. The Indian Institutes of Technology, the National Institutes of Technology, and the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, are the most sought after institutions.
Along with a formal degree or diploma, you will need such individual attributes as a willingness to learn, an ability to work hard, an analytical mind, good and communication skills.
Some industry insiders are of the view that job experience in a particular specialisation rather than a foreign degree might be handy if an IT graduate wants to build a career in India.However, they add that for teaching positions, either in India or abroad, acquiring an MS or a similar degree from a good foreign university might be a good idea.
- TERII (Technology Education and Research Integrated Institution).
- Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management
- Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada
- Delhi Technological University, Delhi
- SASTRA University, Thanjavur
- College of Engineering, Trivandrum
Career paths in Information Technology jobs
Career paths in the IT industry can be broadly classified into the two main fields of hardware and software. Under hardware, you have manufacturing, maintenance, research and development, and management.
Under software, you have manufacturing, development, programming, software testing, and maintenance and support. Among related areas are computer operations, database administration, sales/marketing, and data-centre management.
Popular job designations include computer hardware engineer, software engineer, information systems manager, programmer, network systems and data analyst, systems analyst, database administrator, systems administrator, support specialist, computer and information scientist, school/college computer teacher, and college or university professor.
Fresher’s are naturally concerned about the outlook for their industry and their career prospects. Information technology workers have been able to do relatively well even during times of recession, though, indeed, job and salary cuts have been widely reported.
The individuals who want to continue to be a core part of technology development are identified as “individual contributors” and allowed to continue in that stream without being pressured to shift to the management stream for promotion to senior positions.