Architecture is the art, the science and the business of building.
Architects create homes, office towers, schools and churches. They are talented people with a flair for design, an awareness of social trends, keen business sense, solid engineering skills and an understanding of the law. The word “versatile” may have been invented to describe Architects!
Today’s Architect may practice alone or be part of a small, medium or large firm. Some Architects are self-employed. Others may be on salary, as employees of government, real estate developers or large corporations.
“Clients” are the people who use the services of Architects. A client may be a family, a school board, a company, a housing authority, a government department or a building contractor.
Why does Architecture matter?
THERE’S NO PLACE LIKE HOME
The design or re-design of a home is one of the most fascinating and important things an Architect can do. Homes house the daily activities of families and individuals. Sometimes they offer privacy and shelter. On festive occasions, they are places of open hospitality. Rural or urban, row house or apartment, the home may be used year-round or only for vacations. Beyond our homes, the community takes shape.
KEEPING THE PAST ALIVE
Old buildings add variety to city streets and remind us of our links to the past. Public interest in restoring old buildings is as strong as the economic pressure to re-use them. The result? Architects are using modern techniques and ideas to renew historic buildings across Canada.
INSIDE THE HOME AND OFFICE
Respected Architects have designed chairs, tables, cabinets and fabrics–objects that lend comfort and pleasure to people’s homes and work spaces. When the desire to create something “organic” or whole, is strong, Architects design not only a building and the space around a building, they will also shape the space inside the building.
MIRRORS OF TIME
Great civilizations leave behind great architecture. Think of the pyramids of Egypt, the columns of Greece and Rome, the great Gothic cathedrals. Architecture reflects the religious, political and social values of the day. Today’s buildings express our society’s common purposes and will tell our story long after we are gone.
Where is Architecture going?
BIG AND SLEEK
In giant cities, the voices of commerce, finance, business and government call out for giant buildings. Big buildings can cause big problems, such as increased traffic flow. They also create a need for parking, water, sewer and fire-fighting access. Putting large buildings into a city involves balancing the technical, planning and aesthetic problems posed by size. Architects with special design skills are needed to tackle these big jobs.
DESIGNING THE CITY
Cities are where the action is. The social and economic character of a city is often expressed in urban design. Many Architects serve on planning boards or help people who live in urban neighborhoods shape the city around them.
How can I become an Architect?
To be a licensed Architect, you will need
The vast majority of Architects complete a bachelor’s or master’s degree in architecture from a university program approved by the Canadian Architectural Certification Board (CACB).An alternative way to become an Architect is through the “apprenticeship” offered through the RAIC Syllabus Program.
To get experience, you must complete the Internship in Architecture Program. This program is offered through the associations of architects in each province. If you are accepted into the program, you will require a “Mentor” (a licensed Architect) who will guide your work over a period of time, according to the rules of the Internship in Architecture Program. Usually, interns or intern architects complete the program in about 3 years.
In all provinces, passing a computerized exam is one of the final steps in becoming a licensed Architect. Architects in Canada are licensed at the provincial or territorial level. Some provincial or territorial associations may have additional requirements before licensing or registration.
Why must Architects be licensed?
Architects are professionals. The public must be sure that people who call themselves Architects are qualified to practice in their field. So, all across Canada, Architects are licensed by provincial or territorial associations of architects. The goals of the associations are:
- to encourage members to improve their skills and knowledge, and
- To maintain high standards in the practice of architecture.
Like other professionals, such as doctors and lawyers, Architects are legally responsible for the decisions they make. In some provinces, all licensed Architects must have professional liability insurance if they wish to practice architecture. This insurance protects both the public and the Architect. As well, each province and territory has an “Architects Act” which regulates the practice of architecture. It is against the law for anyone who is not licensed to use the title “Architect”.
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What courses should I take in high school?
It’s hard to say which courses are best, because Schools of Architecture vary greatly in what they offer students at the university level. As well, there is an important place in architecture for people who do not wish to pursue a university degree. You could take courses at a technical school, community college or university to become:
- an architectural technologist,
- an architectural technician, or
- A draftsperson or CAD (computer assisted drafting) technician.
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Duties of Architects
Architects typically do the following:
- Meet with clients to determine objectives and requirements for structures
- Give preliminary estimates on cost and construction time
- Prepare structure specifications
- Direct workers who prepare drawings and documents
- Prepare scaled drawings, either with computer software or by hand
- Prepare contract documents for building contractors
- Manage construction contracts
- Visit work sites to ensure that construction adheres to architectural plans
- Seek new work by marketing and giving presentations
People need places to live, work, play, learn, shop, and eat. Architects are responsible for designing these places. They work on public or private projects and design both indoor and outdoor spaces. Architects discuss the objectives, requirements, and budget of a project with clients. In some cases, architects provide various redesign services, such as feasibility and environmental impact studies, site selection, cost analyses, and design requirements.
Architects develop final construction plans after discussing and agreeing on the initial proposal with clients. The architects’ plans show the building’s appearance and details of its construction. These plans include drawings of the structural system; air-conditioning, heating, and ventilating systems; electrical systems; communications systems; and plumbing.
Architects use computer-aided design and drafting (CADD) and building information modeling (BIM) for creating designs and construction drawings.
As construction continues, architects may visit building sites to ensure that contractors follow the design, adhere to the schedule, use the specified materials, and meet work-quality standards.
Architects may also help clients get construction bids, select contractors, and negotiate construction contracts.
Top Colleges for Architecture in India
The admission in Architecture is mainly through 2 entrance exams – NATA / JEE Mains/ Advance
National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA)
NATA comprises of 2 parts
Part A: There are 20 questions for Mathematics and 40 questions for General Aptitude. A correct response will yield 2 (two) marks.
Part B: Drawing Test: Candidate has to attempt two questions within 90 minutes.
List of Colleges under NATA
- Sir JJ College of Architecture, Mumbai
- Dy Patil college Architecture, Pune
- CEPT University, Ahmedabad
- Sushant School of Art and Architecture, Gurgaon
- Sinhgad College of Architecture, Pune
- School of Architecture, R.V. College of Engineering, Bangalore
- SRM University, Multiple Locations
- Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi
- Manipal University, Faculty of Architecture, Multiple Locations
- IP University, New Delhi
Architecture through JEE
The admission in n NITs, IIITs, and other CFTIs shall be based on Paper 2 (Mains). For the candidates to qualify for the admission in the NITs/IIITs and such other CFTIs they should have secured at least 75% marks in the 12th class examination or be in the top 20 percentiles in the 12th class examination conducted by the respective Boards. For admission in IITs (Roorkee and Kharagpur), students are required to clear the JEE Mains, JEE Advanced and then sit for an Architecture Aptitude Test.
Kindly find below the list of few colleges
- National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Calicut, Jaipur, etc.
- School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal
- School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada
- Birla Institute of Technology, (Mesra, Ranchi)
- School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi
- Chandigarh College of Architecture, Chandigarh
- IIITs, (Multiple Location)
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