Architecture, the art, and technique of designing and building, is distinguished from the skills associated with construction. Architecture is everywhere. Every building: home, school, office, hospital, and supermarket were designed for their particular purpose. It is of vital importance that these buildings, and in turn the environments they form and the neighborhoods and cities they are a part of, are designed to be the best possible buildings for their specific context, use, and the people who use them.
The types of architecture are established not by architects but by society, according to the needs of its different institutions. Society sets the goals and assigns to the architect the job of finding the means of achieving them. This section of the article is concerned with architectural typology, with the role of society in determining the kinds of architecture, and with planning—the role of the architect in adapting designs to particular uses and the general physical needs of human beings.
Architecture & Construction
If you dream of designing, planning, managing, building, or maintaining the structures where we live, work and play, then the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster is for you.
This career cluster is organized into three career pathways:
- Design and Pre-Construction
- Maintenance and Operations
Students in architecture and construction learn and practice skills that prepare them for diverse post-high school education and training opportunities, from apprenticeships and two-year college programs to a four-year college and graduate programs.
CTE classes in this cluster will introduce you to a variety of interesting careers including:
- Architectural and civil drafter or engineer
- Environmental designer
- Residential or commercial carpenter
- Construction worker
- Systems configuration manager
- Electrical design engineer
- HVAC/HVACR technician
- Building services technician
- Sheet metal technician
Careers in Architecture
Architecture: the art or practice of designing and constructing buildings. Architects often argue over the actual definition of our discipline, but can never really escape the use of broad terms, coming from a fantastically broad education. It’s unsurprising then, that the task of figuring out what kind of architect you want to be is a daunting one. Below is a list of 7 branches of architecture for you to consider:
- Landscape Architect
Designing outdoor landscapes, including infrastructure, public areas, agriculture, and forestry is vital for constructing the webs that bind our urban and rural spaces, but also, perhaps, more importantly, it’s essential for responding to globalization and climate change. Landscape architects are involved in stormwater management, environmental restoration, and recreational areas among other things. If you enjoy working with and in the natural environment, this could be the path for you.
- Urban Planner
As a result of a rapidly growing percentage of our population moving into urban areas, the conditions of urbanism are constantly in a state of flux. The dynamic state of the urban environment makes it an exciting path to take as an architect, covering everything from economic and demographic changes to sustainable development. It’s an essential responsibility within our profession, but a challenging one; it requires adaptability and problem solving on a large scale.
- Restoration Architect
Our societies’ heritage and history as presented through architecture are not only beautiful glimpses into the past, but also crucial to understanding our culture as a discipline. Conservation and restoration of buildings is undeniably a challenge; it is never possible to please everyone. The media often targets the act of restoration as a “heritage massacre,” despite the often very beautiful solutions.
- Research Architect
With the current wave of digital design and the constant advancement of digital tools, our methods of representation and expression are changing dramatically. Information technology has had a profound impact upon an architecture that is far from over. These constant improvements are in part made possible by the exciting research being done by architects, not necessarily consisting of designing buildings, but focusing more on how these new tools can enhance our work.
- Lighting Architect
Light has a profound impact on our mental and physical health, as anyone living at high latitudes can empathize with. Delving into the architecture of lighting entails improving the quality of our experiences, our health and well-being, and the sustainability of not only the natural environment but also smaller spaces such as our work environments.
- Political Architect
Some argue that architecture is by nature political, however, being active in the political decision of a city or country is a different story. Architecture is more than just creating beautiful objects; the discipline has a value in organizing society. Architecture firm Terroir, for example, has worked with the Burnie City Council as well as with the Parramatta City Council in Australia, to argue for a certain structure for the city, to predict what may happen, and to design a set of criteria for the evolution of the city. It is a case of architecture influencing politics, instead of the other way around.
- Extreme Architect
With the current development of climate change, extreme weather conditions such as floods, heatwaves, and hurricanes are predicted to increase. Existing extreme environments, such as deserts, are likely to expand due to phenomena such as desertification. Being an architect who specializes in extreme weather conditions is therefore not only an incredibly fascinating way to tackle the subject, but also invaluable for us to adapt to the future of our planet.
How to Become an Architect?
Due to the great scope of a career in architecture, it has now attained huge popularity as a field of study among students. Wondering how to become an architect? Here is a step by step guide for you:
1. Opt for Science Stream after 10th
If you wish to pursue your career as an architect, you should begin by choosing the relevant subjects at the school level. You must go for the science stream after your 10th board and make sure to choose mathematics as one of the major subjects since the understanding of many mathematical concepts is needed when planning the structure of a building. Also, architects need to have a good grasp of the basic concepts of physics that are involved in construction. Additionally, drawing skills also come in handy while creating designs of structures on paper.
2. Earn a Bachelor’s Degree
After completing your secondary education, you need to go for a Bachelor of Architecture (B. Arch) degree. The B.Arch course is generally a 5-year degree and aims to equip the student with all the skills as well as the knowledge necessary to work as an architect in the construction sector. The course covers both theoretical and practical modules to produce highly qualified professionals in architecture.
Apart from the general BArch degree, you can also choose from specialized bachelor’s degree programs in Architecture such as:
Bachelor’s in Engineering and Architectural Design
Bachelor of Engineering in Landscape Architecture
BSc/BA in Architecture Technology & Construction Management
BA (Hons) in Interior Architecture & Design
The minimum qualification for a bachelor’s degree in Architecture is 10+2 and if you are planning to apply for Indian universities, then you will also be required to qualify NATA exam or any other university-specific exam. For students who want to pursue these courses abroad, you will additionally need to have a valid score in the required exams such as the ACT or SAT along with the English proficiency exams like TOEFL or IELTS.
3. Apply for an Architect Position
You can apply to work as an architect after passing the Architect Registration Examination and becoming licensed. You can work for a firm, a private practice, or in the field where you performed your internship.
4. Work on your Skills through Training Programs
All architects need to go through a compulsory internship period (included in bachelor’s and master’s degree programs) before getting licensed as a professional. You will be required to work under a professional architect to not only get exposure to all the technicalities involved in construction but also to gain experience in working as an architect. In countries like the USA and Canada, there are regulated training programs for students of architecture who are preparing for their licensure exams. These programs are known as the Intern Development Program (IDP) in the USA and the Intern Architect Program (IAP) in Canada.
5. Get Registered/Licensed as an Architect
The final and most important step is to get registered or obtain a license to work as a professional architect. Although in some countries you can work as an architect even without a license after completing a bachelor’s degree in this field, it is good to get a license since it makes you eligible for more job opportunities on a global level. In India, an architect needs to register with The Council Of Architecture (COA) with all the required documents in addition to obtaining a certificate from a recognized university. All countries abroad have their departments for providing licenses to architects. For example, in the US, you have to pass the Architect Registration Examination (ARE) conducted by the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB) to earn a professional license, while the Architects Registration Board (ARB) administers the license in the UK.
6. Earn Professional Certifications
The National Council of Architectural Registration Boards offers extra-national certification in addition to the Architect Registration Examination. This qualification, while not needed, might help you apply for architecture employment in several states and exhibit your professional abilities and expertise.
7. Earn a Master’s Degree
The next step in this step-by-step guide on how to become an architect is to pursue a master’s degree. If you aim to gain a higher-level qualification after graduation, you can opt for a Masters in Architecture (M.Arch) degree or specialized master’s level programs in Architecture. While many BArch graduates decide to pursue job opportunities after completing their bachelor’s degree, pursuing a postgraduate degree will help you gain expertise as well as get specialized in a specific field. Here are some of the major specializations you can opt for the major master’s degree level Architecture courses:
Lighting Design and Management
Urban Studies and Planning
Real Estate Management
Being an architect requires one to wear many hats. A person must have artistic hands and must be good with numerals at the same time. Here are the skills that are necessary for becoming an architect.
Math and engineering skills
Problem Solving Skills
High Perceptual Skills
Teamwork and Management
Effective Communication Skills
- For Most colleges have eligibility performance criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII.
- For a B. Tech degree in Architecture, most colleges require a minimum score of 60%, and for M. Tech and Ph.D. programs the eligibility criteria are 60% in B.Tech and M.Tech respectively.
- Besides that some colleges/ universities also have an age limit.
- For admissions into IITs, NITs, and SPAs, the candidate is required to clear 10+2 with Physics/Chemistry/Mathematics.
- However, for other institutions, candidates from all streams are eligible if they have Mathematics as a subject
Architecture is a diverse field that operates in many industries. Professionals can design and build structures for commercial businesses, make landscaping designs for homeowners, and offer urban planning advice to governments. The following table explores a few of the industries that employ architects, with information about salary and professional responsibilities in each setting.
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